What you should know before you visit Dahshur Pyramids
I’ll bet you still didn’t have the chance to visit Dahshur; one of the most attractive Cairo Excursions
Egypt Luxury tours are the best way to explore an offbeat destination, the pharaoh Egypt and the first of ancient Egypt’s fully formed pyramids
visit Dahshur as it is one of the tourist areas in Egypt, that attracts people nowadays with its Pharaonic character, it is famed with its pyramids that are considered one of Cairo attractions with millions of tourists visiting the country every year to know closer about them, not only but also one of Egypt new Discoveries that is announced recently; the discovery of the most important tombs in Dahshur, for the exquisite engravings, writing, and texts dated to the historic area of Dahshur, More than 50 cubic meters of soil were raised in the area where they found a set of pottery coffins, with wooden masks for existing mummies.
Dahshur with its rocky Plateau was selected by Sneferu the Egyptian Pharaoh; to build his graveyard, to rival his father’s Pharaoh Zoser, the owner of Saqqara Pyramid
Sneferu, “bringer of beauty” as his name means; who founded a dynasty–Egypt’s 4th and the first king who designed and built the first true pyramid and introduced a leap innovation in the area of pyramids’ constructions, He at least built three pyramids, two of them have survived till today; Dahshur Red Pyramid, Dahshur Bent Pyramid, and the Maidum Pyramid and that one has been collapsed during construction.
Dahshur Bent Pyramid
The “Bent” Pyramid is one of three built for Fourth Dynasty that was founded by pharaoh Sneferu in Dahshur, it is one of the key highlights when you visit Dahshur where was also registered as UNESCO world heritage site
Dahshur Bent Pyramid was closed since 1965, and now it is opened for the first time for visitors after 48 years, it was closed all that time for serious renovation and development and consolidation of its internal structure, today it includes a lighting system, a pathway for visitors and it has become now one of Egypt new discoveries
the pyramid was named this way due to the sudden shifting that happened in its decline while construction and gave it usual appearance as the first 49 meters kept most of their smooth limestone , the Bent pyramid was built on silty clay that caused instability that has shifted its angle from 54 degrees to 43, its angular shape is on the contrary of Dahshur Red Pyramid with its straight sides
Tourists can reach two chambers that deep inside the pyramid of 4,600-year-old structure, by climbing down a narrow tunnel with 79-meter long, in addition to an adjoining 18-meter high pyramid, most probably for Hetepheres; Sneferu’s wife is opened also for the first time.
Dahshur Red Pyramid
The “Red” Pyramid is the third one that was built by the pharaoh Snefru and it is the largest one of Dahshur ’s pyramids and laying nearly one kilometer to the north of the Dahshur Bent Pyramid, this one has the second largest base of all Egyptian pyramids, it can be considered as the first true pyramid and was the inspiration for the later pyramids at Giza.
Dahshur Red Pyramid is 341 feet tall, you can climb steps that built over the stones of the pyramid to an entrance, the first and the second chambers directly lie beneath the apex of the pyramid, they are accessible even with an opportunity to visit the burial chamber
What distinguishes the first two chambers is their fine and smooth floors, which is on the same level as the passages on the contrary of the third chamber which has very rough and drown below the level of the access passage which believed that was because of robbers searching for treasure.
Similar to the upper section of Dahshur Bent Pyramid; the Red pyramid was built with the same shallow 43 degrees angle, which notably shows the squat look that is way different than other Egyptian pyramids, and got its name from the reddish limestones was used in building, noteworthy that it was not always red; it used to have the white Tura limestone color as the remaining at the pyramid base but most of these stones were taken for building at the middle age Leaving beneath the red limestone.
Other pyramids that were built from mud bricks have been found in the cemetery of Dahshur; they were smaller in scale and belonged to the XII Dynasty in addition to a precious collection of jewels and gold inside.